Palace chandelier

Palace chandelier

©

Palace chandelier

©

A Chinese hexagonal palace chandelier made of wood and glass and painted in the “reverse stained glass” technique. It consists of an upper and a lower part, each of which has six faces with six painted glass panes. There is an attachment from which to hang it at the top, and six legs at the base, so that it can be stood on a surface if desired. On the chandelier hang six ornaments with red tassels and embroidered clouds connected by strings with glass beads. The glass is inserted into a wooden frame with a carved border and a cloud pattern that adorns all six sides of the chandelier. At the top on one side are two more dragons and the character for longevity (shou 壽). In the upper part, there are six images in frames with motifs of plants, fruits and animals, such as radish, persimmon, grapes, watermelon, pumpkin, pear and a mouse, representing favourable signs and the desire for abundance (many offspring, abundant harvest, great success). On the glass of the lower ... more

A Chinese hexagonal palace chandelier made of wood and glass and painted in the “reverse stained glass” technique. It consists of an upper and a lower part, each of which has six faces with six painted glass panes. There is an attachment from which to hang it at the top, and six legs at the base, so that it can be stood on a surface if desired. On the chandelier hang six ornaments with red tassels and embroidered clouds connected by strings with glass beads. The glass is inserted into a wooden frame with a carved border and a cloud pattern that adorns all six sides of the chandelier. At the top on one side are two more dragons and the character for longevity (shou 壽). In the upper part, there are six images in frames with motifs of plants, fruits and animals, such as radish, persimmon, grapes, watermelon, pumpkin, pear and a mouse, representing favourable signs and the desire for abundance (many offspring, abundant harvest, great success). On the glass of the lower part, six human figures are painted, with texts describing their life and achievements. These are great Chinese historical figures and heroes such as Sun Ce 孫策 (175–200), Wang Meng 王猛 (325–375), Guo Ziyi 郭子儀 (697–781), Su Ruolan 蘇若蘭 (357-?), Ban Zhao 班昭 (49–120) and Wen Tianxiang 文天祥 (1236–1283). This type of chandelier was originally found only in palaces, but in the late Qing Dynasty (1644–1912) their use spread to the common people. The chandelier is intended for lighting and room decoration.The excellent craftsmanship would have required a combination of various crafts such as woodworking, carving, lacquering, weaving and glass painting. The item probably originated in Beijing and is dated to the late 19th or early 20th century. (WL)

Material description: wood, glass, metal
Manufacturing technique: carved wood, weaving and embroidery of ornaments, painting on glass
Dimensions: height: 75 cm, upper radius: 68cm, lower radius: 45.5 cm, upper glass height: 11.5 cm, upper glass length: 19 cm, lower glass height: 39 cm, lower glass length: 14.5 cm
Inscription: Inscription 1: 五彩相宣廣八寸,織得迴文寄妻恨,文中能織君心回,襄江愁殺趙陽臺。璇璣圖 䠶堂. Wucai xiangxuan guang bacun, zhide huiwen ji qihen, wenzhong neng zhi junxin hui, xiangjiang chousha Zhao Yangtai. Xuanji tu. Shetang. (A letter in the form of a palindrome in five colours on brocade, the size of eight cun, expressing the grief of a (forsaken) wife. With the letter, she won back her husband's heart, which scared (the concubine) Zhao Yangtai to death in Xiangjiang. Palindrome Xuanji. Shetang.) Inscription 2: 曹大家 曹家妻班氏姬,踵成父兄未盡書,皇后貴人事為師。前石渠,後天祿,相對多枵腹雖有,父兄之書不能續,何況娥眉在繡屋. Cao dagu. Caojia qi banshi ji, zhongcheng fuxiong weijin shu, huanghou guiren shi weishi. Qian Shiqu, hou Tianlu, xiangdui duo xiaofu suiyou, fuxiong zhi shu buneng xu, hekuang emei zai xiuwu. (Venerable Madam Cao. A woman from the Cao family, surnamed Ban and given name Ji, continued and finished the book that her father and older brother had failed to finish. The empress and concubines had her as their teacher. She initially worked at the Shiqu Library and later at the Tianlu Library. If she had a hard life, she wouldn't be able to continue her father's and older brother's book, let alone be a great beauty in the middle of richly decorated rooms.) Zapis 3: 討逆將軍印 孫郎至 破橫江,拔當利,失魂魄,孫郎至。少年如策從來無,白龍魚服困泥塗,乃弟猶能驚漢賊,可惜夭亡孫伯符. 䠶堂. Taoni jiangjun yin. Sunlang zhi. Po Hengjiang, ba Dangli, shi hunpo, Sunlang zhi. Shaonian ru Ce conglai wu, bailong yufu kun nitu, nai di you neng jing hanzei, kexi yaowang Sun Bofu. Shetang. (The seal of the commander who suppressed the rebel forces. Sun Ce came. He attacked the busy intersections of Hengjiang and Dangli. The people were terrified when they heard that Sun Ce, a young man like no other in the past, was coming. He was like a white dragon, clad in fish scales and trapped in a swamp. Even his younger brother was able to scare off the traitor of the Han Empire. It's just a shame that Sun Ce died earlyShetang.) Zapis 4: 中書考 功蓋天下主不疑,位極人臣眾不疾,千古將相之所難,令公得此由何術?得喪齊危安一方寸心中天日. Zhongshu kao. Gonggai tianxia zhu buyi, weiji renchen zhong buji, qiangu jiangxiang zhi suo nan, linggong de ci you heshu? Desang qi weian yi fangcun xinzhong tianri. (Evaluation of the head of the secretariat. He had great merit, but the emperor did not doubt him. He held a high position among officials, but no one was jealous of him. These were otherwise eternal weights of officials and courtiers. How did the head of the secretariat achieve all this? He knew how to find a balance between benefit and loss, to calmly prepare for danger, and to find light in his heart.) Zapis 5: 北海鬻畚人,迺是真國士。捫虱若無人,江東無卿比。晉雖僻陋願勿圖,舟中敵國無時無。如何景略死未久,風聲鶴唳驚秦符。吁嗟乎!國之存亡系一夫。景略死,何必歲星今在吳. Beihai yuben ren, nai shi zhen guoshi. Menshi ruo wuren, jiangdong wu qin bi. Qin sui pilou yuan wutu, zhouzhong diguo wushi wu. Ruhe Jinglue si weijiu, fengsheng heli jing qin fu. Yujie hu! Guo zhi cunwang xi yifu. Jinglue si, hebi suixing jin zai Wu. (The man from Beihai who sold bamboo dustpans was a true scholar of the land. Although he did not know himself well (he was smushing lice as if there was no one else around), no one east of the Long River could compare to him. Even though the Jin country is far away, don't attack it, enemy countries in the same boat can disappear from time to time. How is it possible that Jinglue had just died and Fu Jian was frightened by the sound of the wind and the sound of cranes in Qin State. Ouch! The country's survival depended on one man. Jinglue died, how can Jupiter be located in the East Jin?) Zapis 6: 日星河岡 涉鯨波曆虎穀,家貲散盡妻子完,萬變不渝仍奔逐。止為趙氏一塊肉,痛絕厓山葬魚腹。丞相一日留燕疆,宋作一日存不亡。君不見漢連綿,諸葛韓讐復張良,日星河嶽發正氣,事難逆睹天難量,庶無愧為宋文丞相作. Rixing hegang. She jingbo li hugu, jiazi sangjin qizi wang, wanbian buyu ren benzhu. Zhi wei zhaoshi yikuai rou, tongjue yashan zang yufu. Chengxiang yiri liu yanjiang, song zuo yiri cun buwang. Jun bujian han lianmian, Zhuge hanchou fu Zhang Liang, rixing heyue fa zhengqi, shi nanni dutian nanliang, shu wukui wei song wen chengxiang zuo. (The sun, the stars, the river and the mountain. He survived in the waves of whales and in the valleys of tigers, losing all his belongings and contact with his wife and child. Everything in his life changed drastically, but he remained steadfast and tried to escape ( the enemy). Only when the last descendant of the Zhao family died on Mount Yashan was he stopped by extreme grief. If the prime minister at the Yuan court survived one day, the Song Dynasty survived another day. Do you not recognise the continuity of the Han people? Zhuge Liang tried to restore the Han Dynasty, Zhang Liang wanted to take revenge on the Han country. The sun, the stars, the rivers and the mountains radiate the true qi. The situation was irreversible, and as the first minister of the Song Dynasty, he has nothing to be ashamed of.)
No. of parts: 1
Current owner: Slovene Ethnographic Museum
Date of the last acquisition: 1963
Last acquisition method: donation
Previous owners and periods of ownership: Ivan Skušek, Jr. and Tsuneko Kondō Kawase - Marija Skušek, National Museum of Slovenia, Slovene Ethnographic Museum
Object condition, handling and damage: The chandelier is in good condition, but has been mended with silicone adhesive.

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